2./3. Juli 2020
Goals of the module
- are familiar with general principles and international policies on the inclusion of sex and gender in health research
- are able to critically appraise sex/gender bias in research design, methods, interpretation and publications
- are familiar with different methods and approaches to minimize sex/gender bias
- have a thorough understanding of the importance of sex and gender in their own research projects
Content of the module
How to design and conduct research without sex/gender bias: This module aims at identifying, understanding and minimizing sex/gender bias in the different research phases, including research design, population choice and sampling, data collection, data analysis, results interpretation, and recommendations drafting for clinical practice.
Further, to understand and act on sex and gender inequalities in clinical practice and health research, it is essential to have data that correctly reflect factors and pathways that induce differences. Is biology driving inequalities? Or social factors? How can we detangle the effects of sex on health, of gender on health, or of both sex and gender combined?
In concrete terms, the module comprises the following blocks:
- General principles and policies, international perspective (IK)
- Measuring sex or gender? (IK, JS, CC)
- Methodological challenges in gender-analysis
- Theoretical frameworks to guide methods and measures
- Social determinants of health; (JS, CC)
- Gender is a social determinant of health that influences health at various levels and throughout the life-course. We will explore these various and combined influences.
- Workshop 1- presentation and discussion of participants’ research projects (CAS or other)
- Sex and gender aspects in animal experiments (TB, PB)
- Issues with sex-biased experimental designs, and methods to include sex as a variable into animal experiments. Lectures and exercises, design of an animal experiment
- Precision medicine and Artificial intelligence – AI (AS)
- With precision medicine, treatments and care will be timely and specifically tailored to the specific needs of patients. We explore how sex and gender analysis are the gateway to precision medicine based on practical examples. We also discuss sex/gender in AI.
- Workshop 2 – presentation and discussion of participants’ research projects (CAS or other)
Dr. Joëlle Schwarz, Centre universitaire de médecine générale et santé publique (Unisanté), Lausanne (Chair)
Prof. Dr. Ineke Klinge, Department of Health, Ethics and Society, Maastricht University, the Netherlands and Horizon 2020 Advisory Group for Gender, European Commission, Brussels, Belgium
Prof. Dr. med. Carole Clair (CC), Centre universitaire de médecine générale et santé publique (Unisanté), Lausanne
Prof. Dr. Thorsten Buch, Institut für Labortierkunde, Universität Zürich
Dr. Philippe Bugnon, Institut für Labortierkunde, Universität Zürich
Dr. med. Antonella Santuccione Chadha, Roche Diagnostics Basel, and Women’s Brain Project
3 June 2020